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Subgroupings of Africa: Northern Africa: Algeria arteria carotis externa cheap 5 mg vasotec, Egypt blood pressure chart pictures purchase genuine vasotec online, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 01 heart attackm4a demi generic 5mg vasotec free shipping, Morocco blood pressure medication benicar order 5 mg vasotec amex, Tunisia. Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa (commonly contracted to "sub-Saharan Africa"): All other African countries except Nigeria and South Africa. Southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe. East Africa: Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania. Central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe. Subgroupings of Asia and the Pacific: Western Asia: Bahrain, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen. East and South Asia: All other developing economies in Asia and the Pacific (including China, unless stated otherwise). This group is further subdivided into: South Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Subgroupings of Latin America and the Caribbean: South America: Argentina, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of). Mexico and Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama. Caribbean: Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago. Small island developing States: American Samoa, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cape Verde, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Comoros, Cook Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Fiji, French Polynesia, Grenada, Guam, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kiribati, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia (Federated States of), Montserrat, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Suriname, TimorLeste, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, United States Virgin Islands, Vanuatu. Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: Annex I Parties: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Community, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America. Over the long sweep of its history, our world has never been more prosperous, inventive or interconnected than it is today. Yet, economic insecurity has become ubiquitous (and was becoming so even before the financial meltdown), social divisions are greater than ever, and the health of the planet has never been so fragile. These are interrelated challenges that can be effectively addressed only through cooperation and collective actions, at both the national and international levels. In recent years, collective actions have been hampered by technocratic complacency, which privileged private means over public ends. A combination of deregulation, at both the national and international levels, and corporate leadership skills was deemed all that was needed to find the quickest and most efficient solutions to a wide range of contemporary policy challenges, from health-care provision and urban renewal to poverty alleviation and climate change. This mindset has been dominated by the rhetoric of targets, partnerships, synergies, etc. Climate change will be among the biggest of those challenges over the coming decades. Recent estimates suggest that 300,000 people are dying each year as a result of global warming and the lives of 300 million more are being seriously threatened. The members of the wider scientific community have backed up their efforts with a mountain of supportive evidence and modelling exercises. The race to keep global temperatures within safe bounds is now a race against time. So far, however, increased scientific understanding and greater public awareness have not translated into a focused policy response. At the same time, the international community-most recently at the thirteenth session of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change,1 held in Bali, Indonesia, in December 2007-has reaffirmed that growth and 1 United Nations, Treaty Series, vol.

Populations of the Murray River tortoise heart attack first aid 5mg vasotec with visa, Emydura: the effect of egg predation by the red fox Vulpes vulpes blood pressure chart 50 year old male purchase 10 mg vasotec otc. Hypothetical considerations of the biomass of chelid tortoises in the River Murray and the possible influences of predation by the introduced fox prehypertension in 30s order vasotec 10mg online. Approved Conservation Advice for Wollumbinia georgesi (Bellinger River snapping turtle) blood pressure over 160 cheap vasotec 10mg with visa. In: Virus Taxonomy, Eighth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Lawrence County, New York: Arbovirus reactivity in serum from amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Review of procedures proposed for population viability analyses for the Bellingen River Emydura 2003-2006. Report of surveys conducted September 30-October 10, 2002 and January 8-18, 2003 in conjunction with the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service. Identification and expression of immunogenic proteins of a disease-associated marine turtle herpesvirus. Unpublished thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of honours in Applied Science, University of Canberra. Population ecology, ecophysiology, phylogenetics and taxonomy of the threatened western sawshelled turtle, Myuchelys bellii, from the Murray-Darling Basin of Australia. Unpublished thesis in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, University of New England. Reproduction and population ecology of the vulnerable western sawshelled turtle, Myuchelys bellii, in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia. Electrophoretic delineation of species boundaries within the short-necked chelid turtles of Australia. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Application of life history theory and population model analysis to turtle conservation. Resolving the phylogenetic history of the short-necked turtles, genera Elseya and Myuchelys (Testudines: Chelidae) from Australia and New Guinea. Detection of herpesviral sequences in tissues of green turtles with fibropapilloma by polymerase chain reaction. An emergency plan in response to the Bellinger River mortality event of February-March, 2015, Version 0. Draft welfare protocol (handling, transport and euthanasia) for the Bellingen River snapping turtle emergency transfer program, Version 0. Nomination to list Myuchelys georgesi under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. Disease hazard identification and assessment associated with wildlife population declines. Estimating survival rates of untouchable animals: the myth of high juvenile mortality in reptiles.

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Instead heart attack 5mg vasotec free shipping, mutual interference heart attack pain in arm buy generic vasotec 5 mg on-line, unnecessary competition arrhythmia and pregnancy vasotec 5mg amex, duplication of services blood pressure chart high 5mg vasotec with amex, and waste of scarce public resources are likely. In particular, unsustainable development patterns can emerge and proceed unchecked in the absence of regional coordination. We focus on this case to explore whether and how planning without agency-a necessity also faced by other regions-can contribute to regional sustainability. This geography largely coincides with the boundaries of the Connecticut Western Reserve: an area owned, sold, and distributed by the State of Connecticut in the years after the American Revolution, with many of the early settlers coming from New England. Pennsylvania to the east, the Western Reserve extended in the south to include what are now the cities of Youngstown and Akron. Included are the watersheds of the Cuyahoga,2 Black, Rocky, and Mahoning Rivers (exhibits 2, 3, and 4). One-half of the land is used for agriculture; 25 percent of it is taken by residential uses; the balance consists of industrial and commercial uses, and less than 5 percent of it is open space and parks. About three-fourths of the housing stock is single-family, and one-half of the stock is more than 50 years old; 70 percent is owner occupied. At $51,000, the 2015 regional median household income was slightly lower than the statewide median of $53,300. However, levels of education vary greatly across the 12 counties, with the central cities having lower high school graduation rates and lower proportions of the population with college degrees (Center for Community Solutions, 2014). Of "burning river" fame, due to a serious fire kindled in 1969 by debris and oil discharged by industry and freight ships, the Cuyahoga River is credited with raising environmental awareness across the country, leading to the establishment of the U. Little evidence of a shared identity or culture exists among the distinct urban, suburban, and rural parts of the region. Since the 1970s, the Northeast Ohio legacy region has experienced tension between a sharply declining population (exhibit 3), especially in its urban centers, and intense pressure to develop previously undeveloped land. The pattern of population out-migration from the central cities has been partly subsidized by the federal and state highway system, a failure to include the cost of infrastructure expansion in the price of new development, and partly by state and local economic development incentives that encouraged development in greenfields. The legacy of sprawl has far-reaching consequences across all interacting physical and social systems of the region. Sprawl has either created or enhanced environmental, socioeconomic, and political/ administrative threats to the sustainability and resiliency of the region. Sprawl has extended the radius of commuting, with pressure on the transportation system and increased levels of pollution in all media-air, water and soil-due to the heavy reliance on cars throughout the region. It has required expansion of the radius of infrastructure services, with costs borne by everyone in the region. Some sprawl consequences include increased poverty in central cities, a locational mismatch between affordable housing and jobs, depletion of the local tax base, declining city services, replacement of agricultural land with suburban development and its negative impact on local food supply and green spaces, and the fragmentation or even elimination of some wildlife habitat. Added to sprawl consequences, environmental threats to the Northeast Ohio region include the effects of climate change on Lake Erie, pollution of water, soil, and air-partly a legacy of the industrial heyday-and invasive species of plants and wildlife. Despite repeated calls for solutions, ranging from regional government to regional cooperation around economic development and planning, the region has never made much progress on this front, unlike places such as Chicago or New York. Regional leaders from every sector-the church, political leaders, philanthropists, grassroots, academics and leadership organizations-have also understood the need for greater collaboration to address the costs of sprawl. The 1990s and early 2000s were especially active in efforts to promote greater regional sustainability. In 1994, the Ohio Taskforce on Regional Competitiveness and Cooperation, led by three Northeast Ohio state legislators, sought to develop strategies for regional economic competitiveness and cooperation across governmental jurisdictions; the Sustainable Communities Symposium, a citizen-based, grassroots effort based at Cleveland State University, with funding from the U.

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As a result heart attack early symptoms discount vasotec 10 mg amex, without further scrutiny heart attack young man cheap vasotec 10 mg on line, program participation can often have the perverse appearance of exacerbating food insecurity arteria peronea purchase vasotec with a mastercard. In addition blood pressure goals jnc 8 purchase vasotec 10 mg mastercard, underreporting of program participation in surveys may also create a problem of measurement that is not random. In recent years, rigorous scholarship has sought to correct for these challenges, allowing for greater confidence in the assessment of the positive benefits of nutrition program participation for reducing food insecurity. At least part of the explanation for the insufficient progress in boosting food security lies within the findings of the Family Options Study. This landmark research shows that, when financial pressures created by housing costs are alleviated, the cycle of tradeoffs between paying for basic needs like housing and food can be disrupted, resulting in multiple improvements in individual and communal wellbeing. Unfortunately, without adequate policy investment in affordable housing, the prospects for reducing material hardship are not good. Moreover, housing affordability issues have begun to affect those with moderate incomes as well, increasing the potential pool of those renters who may face insufficient resources to meet basic needs, especially during economic downturns. Those interested in improving the ability of families to afford an adequate healthy diet must consider how the lack of affordable housing options is undermining their existing efforts to reduce hardship and improve outcomes for vulnerable families. The insights provided by the Family Options Study are particularly critical for the current policy and practice environment for a number of reasons. First, at a time when various safety net programs may be at risk of significant cuts, it is necessary to elevate evidence that suggests how underinvesting in rigorously evaluated policies in one domain-for example, housing subsidies-can contribute to negative consequences for other essential areas of family well-being, like food security. Although providers on the ground are often aware of the multifaceted challenges their clients face, they are also often struggling with their own resource constraints and typically focused on maximizing the set of tools in their specific domain. Although they may sometimes seek partnerships that connect clients with services provided by other programs (for example, low-income housing developments may invite food banks to distribute food to residents on site, or food pantries may make referrals to housing services coordinators), they rarely operate with a clear understanding of how policy and program investments in one domain can create significant improvements in their own. Finally, although the results of the Family Options Study in improving both housing and food security outcomes are impressive, it is instructive to remember that many of these families remain quite vulnerable. Commentary: the Family Options Study and Food Insecurity Acknowledgments the author thanks Mary Cunningham and Josh Leopold for their helpful comments and Meg Thompson for assistance with manuscript preparation. Author Elaine Waxman is a senior fellow in the Income and Benefits Policy Center at the Urban Institute. Casey, Patrick, Susan Goolsby, Carol Berkowitz, Deborah Frank, John Cook, Diana Cutts, Maureen M. Cook, Joni Geppert, Stephanie Ettinger de Cuba, Timothy Heeren, Sharon Coleman, Ruth Rose-Jacobs, and Deborah A. Brown, Steven Brown, Lauren Dunton, Winston Lin, Debi McInnis, Jason Rodriguez, Galen Savidge, and Brooke E. Cityscape 241 Waxman Gubits, Daniel, Marybeth Shinn, Michelle Wood, Stephen Bell, Samuel Dastrup, Claudia D. Sandel, Megan, Diana Cutts, Alan Meyers, Stephanie Ettinger de Cuba, and Sharon Coleman. Tarasuk, Valerie, Joyce Cheng, Claire de Oliveira, Naomi Dachner, Craig Gundersen, and Paul Kurdyak. Commentary: Insights From the Family Options Study Regarding Housing and Intimate Partner Violence Nicole E. Allen University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Abstract the Family Options Study examines four approaches to addressing homelessness: permanent housing subsidy, rapid re-housing, transitional housing, and usual care (Gubits et al. Indeed, the availability of emergency and transitional housing has been fundamental to the safety of women and children fleeing abusive partners, and housing is a common unmet need for women seeking support services following abuse (Allen, Bybee, and Sullivan, 2004; Allen, Larsen, and Walden, 2011; Schechter, 1982; Sullivan, and Gillum, 2001). In addition, this study demonstrates that separations from partners may become more likely when permanent housing subsidies are provided. It makes sense that a permanent housing subsidy that makes housing more financially viable in the long term would produce positive outcomes.